Quantopian only supports two data frequencies - 'daily' and 'minutely'. However, one can easily get other frequencies from these. Pandas
resample method to the rescue (https://pandas.pydata.org/pandas-docs/version/0.18/generated/pandas.DataFrame.resample.html).
The first step is to get daily prices. Next use the
resample method to sample/extract the weekly close prices. Something like this
daily_prices = get_pricing(my_securities, fields='price', start_date=start, end_date=end, frequency='daily')
# These are daily bars. Since we want weekly bars, use the `resample` method.
# Use a frequency of 'W-FRI' to get Friday values
# This would typically be the Friday close price unless it's a short trading week.
weekly_prices = daily_prices.resample('W-FRI', closed='right', label='right').last()
Now simply apply the pandas
std method to get the standard deviation of prices. However (and this is a big however), one really cannot, and should not, calculate the standard deviation of prices. Prices are 'non-stationary' and don't behave well when typical statistics functions are applied. Most statistics functions assume 'stationary' data. No problem. Use returns instead of prices.
weekly_log_returns = np.log(1 + weekly_prices.pct_change())
weekly_log_returns_std = weekly_log_returns.std()
There are a couple of posts on this which go into a bit more detail.
Attached is a notebook showing the code in action. To accomplish the same thing in an algo, one would do things very similarly. Just use the
data.history method to fetch prices. Probably, the best approach in an algo however, is to write a custom factor (and avoid the
data.history method). Let me know if that's an approach you would like to try and if some pointers would help.
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