This sounds like a job for the Pipeline API! With Pipeline, you can rank and sort stocks to define your own custom tradable universe of securities. In Pipeline, you have access to historical pricing and fundamental data. There are also some sample algos here.
Regarding your questions on Fundamentals data, there is a description for all the fundamentals data fields here. Unfortunately there is no great way to compare a quarterly fundamental value to one from a year ago, but take a look at the algo posted here for a 'hack' solution that compares the current EPS to the previous quarter's EPS.
If you use Pipeline to implement your strategy, you won't need to worry about delisted stocks, OTC, or symbol changes. Behind the scenes, the delisted + OTC stocks will not make it through the filters that you listed (price, EPS growth, etc.), and securities are referenced by a security ID (SID) that takes care of any symbol changes for you. That being said, if you hold position in a security that becomes delisted, it stays in your portfolio. Technically, you can check if a security has stopped trading if you look at the
end_date attribute of the stock in data. However, this uses lookahead bias an does not translate to live trading. You're better off trying to develop a strategy that avoids holding position in companies likely to bankrupt. We realize that this is not a great solution, and we are working on developing a better one (for example, emptying your portfolio of delisted securities).
I hope this helps!
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