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New here - Need help with some basic stuff

Hi there,

Needs some help with this kind of cording.

This is what I want to do.

  1. Buy 1000 AAPL at market price.
  2. Sell 1000 AAPL at market price + .25

I should not buy another 1000 AAPL unless I sell the existing 1000.
Currently the software keeps buying 1000 APPL without checking if there is any sell order or not.

Thank you for your help

# Put any initialization logic here.  The context object will be passed to  
# the other methods in your algorithm.  
def initialize(context):  

# Will be called on every trade event for the securities you specify.  
def handle_data(context, data):  
    # Implement your algorithm logic here.

    # data[sid(X)] holds the trade event data for that security.  
    # context.portfolio holds the current portfolio state.

    # Place orders with the order(SID, amount) method.

    # TODO: implement your own logic here.  
    order(sid(24), 1000)  
    filled_price = context.portfolio.positions[sid(24)].cost_basis  
    order(sid(24), -1000, style=LimitOrder(filled_price+ .25))  
4 responses

To tell if the sell order gets filled or not, you can use this function:


For me I will simply do :

if bool(get_open_orders()):  
    # the selling order is still there  
    # the selling order is gone  

thank you will incorporate this and see if i can get the results.. thanks again

Hi Roshan,

The code in your handle_data method is called on every minute/day (depending on the frequency you choose) of your backtest. This means that if you only want to order under certain circumstances, you need to build that logic into your handle_data method. If I understand your post correctly, you only want to be ordering if you don't currently hold a position in AAPL. As you've already noticed, you can query the state of your portfolio by inspecting context.portfolio.positions. Maybe you want something like the following:

Clone Algorithm
Backtest from to with initial capital
Total Returns
Max Drawdown
Benchmark Returns
Returns 1 Month 3 Month 6 Month 12 Month
Alpha 1 Month 3 Month 6 Month 12 Month
Beta 1 Month 3 Month 6 Month 12 Month
Sharpe 1 Month 3 Month 6 Month 12 Month
Sortino 1 Month 3 Month 6 Month 12 Month
Volatility 1 Month 3 Month 6 Month 12 Month
Max Drawdown 1 Month 3 Month 6 Month 12 Month
# Backtest ID: 53ab2b100fb9a1071fd5cec5
There was a runtime error.

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Jiaming, FYI, you don't need to call to bool in your example, you can just do:

if get_open_orders():  

In general, for just about any Python expression, doing
if bool(expression): is equivalent to just doing
if expression: